KIEV (Sputnik) — According to Avakov, the new agreements should stipulate the full control of the Ukrainian-Russian border together with UN peacekeepers, the establishment of Ukrainian justice bodies in Donbass, stipulate and election processes, as well as grant amnesty for all those who did not commit serious crimes such as murder.
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However, the Minsk format, or Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, including representatives from Russia, Ukraine, the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), has proven to be the most efficient, managing to reach ceasefire agreements between the warring parties — the so-called Minsk Agreements. The truce, however, has been repeatedly breached, with Kiev forces and Donbass militia accusing each other of violating it.
In 2014, The Ukranian authorities launched a military operation in the east of Ukraine, after local residents of Donbass refused to recognize the new government that came to power in what they considered a coup. Despite the 2015 ceasefire deal signed between the conflicting parties in Minsk and brokered by the leaders of Russia, France, Germany and Ukraine, the so-called Normandy Format, the situation in the region remains tense.