Will South Korea Make Atomic Bomb? Seoul 'Fears It Can't Depend On US Alliance'

© AFP 2022 / JUNG YEON-JEPeople watch a television news report on North Korea's latest nuclear test at a railway station in Seoul on September 9, 2016
People watch a television news report on North Korea's latest nuclear test at a railway station in Seoul on September 9, 2016 - Sputnik International
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South Korea is considering developing its own nuclear weapons program because of concerns that the country can't rely on the military alliance with the US, Professor Andrei Lankov of Seoul's Kukmin University told RT.

A majority of South Koreans support arming the country with nuclear weapons in response to North Korea's development of nuclear weapons.

The North has carried out five nuclear tests, most recently in September 2016. According to the North Korea watchers at the website 38 North, the DPRK's Punggye-ri underground nuclear test site has maintained a high state of readiness since April and could conduct a test on short notice.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un inspects the long-range strategic ballistic rocket Hwasong-12 (Mars-12) in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on May 15, 2017. - Sputnik International
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Pyongyang has also continued to carry out missile tests with increased frequency, most recently firing the Hwasong-12 ballistic missile over northern Japan on August 29, the 14th test of 2017. 

It did so in spite of increased sanctions. Last month, the UN Security Council unanimously approved new sanctions on Pyongyang, which ban North Korean exports of coal, iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore and seafood, as well as restricting North Korean migrant workers abroad and joint ventures with North Korean companies.

North Korea's activity has led some in neighboring South Korea to demand nuclear weapons, as a deterrent against a possible nuclear attack.

According to a poll conducted in July, over half of the population supports the idea that the South Korea should possess nuclear weapons.

A lawmaker from the Liberty Korea Party, Yoon Young-seok, explained that South Koreans want to see a better balance of power between the South and the North.

South Korea has the raw materials and equipment to produce a nuclear weapon, and sources there have suggested it would take as little as six to nine months for the country to make a testable nuclear device. In fact, Seoul did pursue a nuclear program for defense and energy purposes for several years in the 1970s.

© AFP 2022 / KIM JAE-HWANA mock North Korean missile is pictured during a rally denouncing North Korea's nuclear test and its recent missile launches, at the War Memorial of Korea in Seoul
A mock North Korean missile is pictured during a rally denouncing North Korea's nuclear test and its recent missile launches, at the War Memorial of Korea in Seoul - Sputnik International
A mock North Korean missile is pictured during a rally denouncing North Korea's nuclear test and its recent missile launches, at the War Memorial of Korea in Seoul
US tactical nuclear weapons had been in South Korea since the 1960s, but were removed from South Korea in late 1991 as part of Seoul’s denuclearization agreement with Pyongyang.

Evgeniy Kim, senior researcher at the Center for Korean Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Far Eastern Studies told RT that some elements of the South Korean military are keen to deploy US nuclear weapons on South Korean territory as a deterrent, despite the opposition of President Moon Jae-in.

"We already know that the South Korean military can do such a thing behind the president's back, because in May of this year they lied to the newly elected president that they had not six THAAD missile launchers, but two. Some of the South Korean generals have a servile admiration for the Americans," Kim explained.

People watch a TV news program reporting North Korea's nuclear test at Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea. (File) - Sputnik International
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"But at the political level, there is no question of deploying American tactical missiles in South Korea, for the simple reason that that would fully justify, even in the eyes of the South Korean and American public, all the actions of this country [North Korea] in building its nuclear weapons."

Prefessor Andrei Lankov of Seoul's Kukmin University told RT that the South Korean leadership also has doubts about whether the US would really come to its aid in the event of a nuclear attack.

"Now, in South Korea there is great concern about whether the country can count on a military alliance with the US, which has been the basis of the entire South Korean military strategy for more than half a century. There are fears that when North Korea gets the opportunity to inflict nuclear strikes on American cities, the Americans will decide not to trade Seoul for San Francisco. They could wash their hands of the issue, and these fears are fully justified," Lankov said.

The long-range strategic ballistic rocket Hwasong-12 (Mars-12) is launched during a test in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on May 15, 2017. - Sputnik International
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However, Kim added that South Korean attempts to develop nuclear weapons would meet with resistance from the US.

"The Americans won't let them do it, because if South Korea gets its own nuclear weapons, they won't need the Americans," he explained.

Kim said that mutual de-escalation by South Korea and the US on one hand and North Korea on the other seems to be the best option for resolving the standoff. Russia and China have proposed a plan that would see the US and South Korea stop their joint military drills in the Korean peninsula, in return for the North stopping its missile tests.

"I think that there is only one way out: to sit down at the negotiating table. No sanctions will lead North Korea to stop the development of nuclear weapons. After all, North Korea still produced most of its tests of nuclear weapons and missile launches while under sanctions," Kim pointed out.

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