What Role Russia Could Play in Resolving Qatar Diplomatic Crisis

© REUTERS / Fadi Al-Assaad/File PhotoFILE PHOTO - An aerial view of Doha's diplomatic area March 21, 2013.
FILE PHOTO - An aerial view of Doha's diplomatic area March 21, 2013. - Sputnik International
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Qatari Foreign Minister Mohammed Al Thani will arrive in Moscow on Saturday for talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, a source in the Russian Foreign Ministry told Sputnik.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, right, and his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov arrive to their joint press conference in Tehran, Iran - Sputnik International
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The visit will take place amid the ongoing diplomatic spat between Qatar and a number of Arab states.

On June 5, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Yemen, Libya, the Maldives and Mauritius severed diplomatic relations with Qatar. The states accused Qatar of supporting terrorist groups, as well as of interfering in other countries' domestic affairs.

Libya made a similar decision. Yemen cut diplomatic relations citing Doha's links with Houthis. The Maldives took the same step, citing extremism and terrorism concerns. Mauritius joined the boycott. Mauritania broke off diplomatic ties with Qatar while Jordan downgraded ties with the country on June 6.

The Qatari Foreign Ministry rejected the accusations of interference in other countries' domestic affairs and said that Doha will not take responsive measures.

Major Diplomatic Crisis

Buildings are seen from across the water in Doha, Qatar June 5, 2017. - Sputnik International
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The Qatari government claimed that the formal reason for the conflict was a story on the website of Qatar’s news agency on May 23. The story attributed false remarks to the Qatari emir, in which he made friendly comments about Iran and expressed support for the Muslim Brotherhood.

The incident took place a week after the Arab Islamic American Summit in the Saudi capital of Riyadh. Later, the Qatari Foreign Ministry said that the website was hacked and the remarks were falsely attributed to the nation’s leader.

However, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain continue to insist that Qatar must expel members of Hamas and other groups regarded by its neighbors as terrorists.

In turn, Doha has denied the allegations of sponsoring terrorism and continues to insist on the cyberattack version, but no suggestion has been made on who could have behind the hack.

Vladimir Dzhabarov, first deputy chairman of the Federation Council Committee for International Affairs, at a meeting of the Federation Council - Sputnik International
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Meanwhile, CNN was quick to bring up "Russian hackers." According to CNN, US investigators believe that hackers related to Moscow planted the fake news story to the website of Qatar’s news agency. Unnamed US officials told CNN that the goal of the hack was to cause rifts among Washington and its allies in the Middle East, including Qatar.

Kremlin Spokesperson Dmitry Peskov responded to the allegations, calling them another "fake news story" published with reference to "unnamed sources in unnamed department of some unknown intelligence service."

Sources in the Russian Embassy in Qatar told Sputnik that the Qatari government did not contact Russian diplomats over Russia’s alleged involvement in the incident. 

Kuwait’s Shuttle Diplomacy

Kuwait City - Sputnik International
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In addition to the cut off of diplomatic ties, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrein and the UAE have suspended transport connection with Qatar and imposed an embargo on food supplies.

An economic and political blockade prompted Qatar to ask Kuwait to play the role of a mediator in the crisis. Earlier this week, the Kuwaiti emir held talks with the Saudi king and visited the UAE.

It is unclear whether this shuttle diplomacy will work or not, but in 2014, it was Kuwait that managed to settle a crisis between Qatar and its neighbors. However, this time Doha is being accused of breaching an agreement to stop supporting Shia organizations after the 2014 crisis.

Moscow Calls for Talks

A general view show armoured vehicles rolling during the military parade marking the Gulf emirate's National Day celebrations in Doha on December 18, 2012 - Sputnik International
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Russia has taken a balanced approached to the diplomatic crisis in the Middle East. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the conflict was "their business, the bilateral ties of other states," adding that Moscow would not interfere in these relations.

He added that Russia is interested in having normal relations with all nations in the Middle East.

"We are convinced that any divisions can take place. We were never happy over the difficulties that arose in relations of other countries. We are interested in maintaining friendly relations with everyone, especially in the region where concentration of all efforts of fighting a joint threat, the threat of international terrorism, is a priority," Lavrov told a press conference.

According to the minister, it is important to resolve the tensions via negotiations.

Moscow has been discussing the crisis both with Doha and Russian allies in the region. Russian President Vladimir Putin held phone talks with Qatari Emir Tamim. As a result of the talks, Moscow reaffirmed that any crisis situation should be resolved through negotiations. Putin also discussed the Qatar crisis with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Russia’s Role in the Crisis Settlement

Russian Foreign Ministry building - Sputnik International
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According to experts reached by Sputnik, Russia cannot and should not be the single mediator in the settlement, but it could take part in joint efforts.

Elena Suponina, an analyst at the Russia Institute for Strategic Studies, pointed out that Russia maintains good relations with all the parties involved in the spat.

"It is necessary not to side with one or the other party. Russia should use its contacts in the Middle East to reconcile the sides," the expert told Sputnik.

Briefing with Russian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova - Sputnik International
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Boris Dolgov, a senior expert at the Institute for Oriental Studies, the Russian Academy of Sciences, suggested that rapprochement between Moscow and Doha as a result of the crisis is unlikely and would be undesirable for Russia.

"There are serious allegations against Qatar over sponsoring Islamic terrorist groups. This is very serious. In this situation, Russia does not need rapprochement with Qatar," Dolgov said.

The expert also pointed to the fact that the diplomatic blockade of Qatar has been endorsed by Russia’s partner Egypt.

"Today, ties between Moscow and Cairo are positively developing. Moreover, to a certain extent, Egypt’s allegations against Qatar are reasonable," Dolgov said.

According to him, there is no single reason for Russia to seek rapprochement with Qatar. 

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