Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space

Subscribe
US
India
Global
April 12 marks Cosmonautics Day in Russia and the International Day of Human Space Flight around the world. On this day in 1962, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin carried out the first human space flight. Take an inside look at this historic event that paved the way for space exploration for the benefit of all humanity.

On April 12, Russia celebrates Cosmonautics Day every year; the event was established in 1962 to commemorate the first manned space flight. In 2011, the UN General Assembly declared April 12 to be the International Day of Human Space Flight, in recognition of the 50th anniversary of the first-ever human spaceflight.

© SputnikIn 1951, young Gagarin was selected for training at the Saratov Industrial Technical School, where he studied tractors. While in Saratov, the 17-year-old man volunteered for weekend training as a Soviet air cadet at a local flying club, where he learned to fly a biplane and a Yak-18 trainer aircraft.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
1/17
In 1951, young Gagarin was selected for training at the Saratov Industrial Technical School, where he studied tractors. While in Saratov, the 17-year-old man volunteered for weekend training as a Soviet air cadet at a local flying club, where he learned to fly a biplane and a Yak-18 trainer aircraft.
© SputnikOn October 27, 1955, at age 21 Gagarin was sent to the First Chkalov Air Force Pilot's School in Orenburg. A straight-A student with high demands for himself and his comrades, Sergeant Gagarin graduated from this school in 1957.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
2/17
On October 27, 1955, at age 21 Gagarin was sent to the First Chkalov Air Force Pilot's School in Orenburg. A straight-A student with high demands for himself and his comrades, Sergeant Gagarin graduated from this school in 1957.
© SputnikTwo years later, when the USSR was deciding who would be suited for the first manned flight aboard the "Vostok 1," Gagarin requested to enroll in the group of candidates for cosmonauts. In 1960, after a selection process and comprehensive medical examinations, Yuri Gagarin was chosen for the Soviet space program with 19 other pilots.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
3/17
Two years later, when the USSR was deciding who would be suited for the first manned flight aboard the "Vostok 1," Gagarin requested to enroll in the group of candidates for cosmonauts. In 1960, after a selection process and comprehensive medical examinations, Yuri Gagarin was chosen for the Soviet space program with 19 other pilots.
© Photo : Courtesy I.I.Kasyan archive/Roscosmos Selection of the first cosmonaut group was carried out on the basis of medical, psychological and other parameters. Candidates should have been of age 25-30 years, up to 170 centimeters in height and weight no more than 70-72 kilos. They had to be absolutely healthy, professionally trained and disciplined. Yuri Gagarin was not only chosen as one of the first men enrolled in the first group of cosmonauts; he demonstrated himself as a leader.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
4/17
Selection of the first cosmonaut group was carried out on the basis of medical, psychological and other parameters. Candidates should have been of age 25-30 years, up to 170 centimeters in height and weight no more than 70-72 kilos. They had to be absolutely healthy, professionally trained and disciplined. Yuri Gagarin was not only chosen as one of the first men enrolled in the first group of cosmonauts; he demonstrated himself as a leader.
© SputnikMembers of the first cosmonaut squadron, pilots Yuri Gagarin (left) and Pavel Belyaev during the parachute training.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
5/17
Members of the first cosmonaut squadron, pilots Yuri Gagarin (left) and Pavel Belyaev during the parachute training.
© SputnikMembers of the first cosmonaut squadron (from left): Yuri Gagarin (second left), Pavel Popovich, Gherman Titov, Valery Bykovsky and Andriyan Nikolaev.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
6/17
Members of the first cosmonaut squadron (from left): Yuri Gagarin (second left), Pavel Popovich, Gherman Titov, Valery Bykovsky and Andriyan Nikolaev.
© Photo : Twitter account of RoscosmosThe first cosmonaut squadron included nine Air Force pilots, six Counter-Air Defense pilots and five pilots from the Aviation divisions of the Navy.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
7/17
The first cosmonaut squadron included nine Air Force pilots, six Counter-Air Defense pilots and five pilots from the Aviation divisions of the Navy.
© Photo : Twitter account of RoscosmosAt the time of admission to the squadron, the eldest pilot, Pavel Belyaev was 34 years old, while the youngest one, Valentin Bondarenko was just 23.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
8/17
At the time of admission to the squadron, the eldest pilot, Pavel Belyaev was 34 years old, while the youngest one, Valentin Bondarenko was just 23.
© Sputnik / Igor Snegirev Academician Sergei Korolyov, the founder of practical cosmonauticsb examines the candidate for cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin had to do with the “Vostok 1” spacecraft, designed by Korolyov for the first manned space flight.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
9/17
Academician Sergei Korolyov, the founder of practical cosmonauticsb examines the candidate for cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin had to do with the “Vostok 1” spacecraft, designed by Korolyov for the first manned space flight.
© Photo : Courtesy I.I.Kasyan archive/Roscosmos On April 8, 1961, Gagarin was chosen by the State commission to fly into space; Gherman Titov was selected the second after Gagarin as a backup.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
10/17
On April 8, 1961, Gagarin was chosen by the State commission to fly into space; Gherman Titov was selected the second after Gagarin as a backup.
© SputnikCosmonaut Yuri Gagarin undergoes tests ahead of the first flight into space. Some chronical footage was later used in "The First Flight to the Stars," a 1961 documentary on the first manned space flight, directed by Igor Gostev.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
11/17
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin undergoes tests ahead of the first flight into space. Some chronical footage was later used in "The First Flight to the Stars," a 1961 documentary on the first manned space flight, directed by Igor Gostev.
© SputnikYuri Gagarin in the cockpit ahead of the flight into space.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
12/17
Yuri Gagarin in the cockpit ahead of the flight into space.
© Sputnik / A. SverdlovChief Designer Sergei Korolyov (right) saying his last parting words to Yuri Gagarin before the start. Later, Gagarin said that Korolyov gave him some advice and tips that he had never heard before and which could be useful during the flight. A few minutes later, a special blue bus has already traveled to the launch pad with Gagarin and Titov on board.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
13/17
Chief Designer Sergei Korolyov (right) saying his last parting words to Yuri Gagarin before the start. Later, Gagarin said that Korolyov gave him some advice and tips that he had never heard before and which could be useful during the flight. A few minutes later, a special blue bus has already traveled to the launch pad with Gagarin and Titov on board.
© SputnikGagarin (front) and Titov wearing spacesuits heading to the starting position at the Baikonur Cosmodrome on April 12, 1961.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
14/17
Gagarin (front) and Titov wearing spacesuits heading to the starting position at the Baikonur Cosmodrome on April 12, 1961.
© SputnikThe last minutes before the launch of the “Vostok 1” spacecraft with space pilot Yuri Gagarin boarding on it.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
15/17
The last minutes before the launch of the “Vostok 1” spacecraft with space pilot Yuri Gagarin boarding on it.
© SputnikThe launch of the “Vostok” rocket with the “Vostok 1” spacecraft carrying USSR pilot-cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first person in history to fly to outer space, on April 12, 1961.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
16/17
The launch of the “Vostok” rocket with the “Vostok 1” spacecraft carrying USSR pilot-cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first person in history to fly to outer space, on April 12, 1961.
© Sputnik / Igor Snegirev The radio communication between the launch control room and the spacecraft, Korolev said, "Preliminary stage... intermediate... main... lift off! We wish you a good flight. Everything is all right," and Gagarin replied, “Poyekhali!” (“Let's go!” or “Off we go!”). This quote later became a symbol of the new space era for mankind. The historic spaceflight consisted of a single orbit around Earth and took 108 minutes from launch to landing.
Int'l Day of Human Space Flight: A Look at the First Trip to Space - Sputnik International
17/17
The radio communication between the launch control room and the spacecraft, Korolev said, "Preliminary stage... intermediate... main... lift off! We wish you a good flight. Everything is all right," and Gagarin replied, “Poyekhali!” (“Let's go!” or “Off we go!”). This quote later became a symbol of the new space era for mankind. The historic spaceflight consisted of a single orbit around Earth and took 108 minutes from launch to landing.
Newsfeed
0
To participate in the discussion
log in or register
loader
Chats
Заголовок открываемого материала