"European politics needs its own concepts," Jochen Scholz, member of German civil society and retired German army colonel said during the video conference.
He also reiterated the recent words of Germany's new Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel that the European Union needs to build a partnership with the US instead of simply hewing to Washington. However up to now, Scholz said, Europe has being doing exactly this.
Member of the Federation Councils' (the upper house of the Russian parliament) Foreign Affairs Committee Igor Morozov agrees with Gabriel that a "new concept of Europe's defense policy" is dawning.
"This year, which will see the reformatting of the US' attitude towards NATO and its military presence [in Europe], will signify the further prospects for the formation of the European defense union and Europe's relationship with the European non-NATO member states, such as Sweden, Norway and Finland," he told the video conference.
Morozov further noted that the talks at the expert and political level about the creation of the so-called Northern European Alliance mean that the Europeans are taking the issue seriously and won't leave their security solely up to the US.
Meanwhile, Jochen Scholz noted that the creation of the European defense alliance has some legal complications.
"A political and economic union of a number of member states is not a separate state but a unification, which can't have its own army as it does not have either its own defense minister or its own finance minister. A unification like this does not exercise any sovereignty of a state," he said.
To put in place a common defense, he said, the EU should first "take some other form."
Lawmaker with Germany's Left Party (Die Linke) Alexander Neu meanwhile said that if the EU wants to create a defense alternative to NATO, it should first work out a new defense policy.
Scholz however explained that Europe wants to avoid creating any structures that duplicate others.
"If we are talking about a European army, it should not be a separate European army, but it should be a re-enforced European wing within NATO," he further specified.
He also commented on the expansion of NATO in Europe, noting that it was based on the existence of the so-called "potential Russian threat." The expert said that many Europeans think that this "threat" has originated not within Europe, but has been indoctrinated as part of their faith towards the US.
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