The incident took place in a government-held district of Aleppo at 11 a.m. local time on Monday, Russian defense officials said. Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov pinned the blame for the attack on the Syrian rebels, as well as on those supporting them from France, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The government-led forces have achieved major success in Aleppo in recent weeks, liberating more than half of the rebel-held districts in the eastern part of the city. On Wednesday, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) and its allies took control of the entire historic city center of Aleppo, known as the Old City. Few doubt that Aleppo will be fully liberated in the coming weeks.
"In a broad sense the militants targeted the peaceful life in a city recovering from the war. Professional medical assistance to locals is one of indicators of the looming peace," Khrolenko observed.
The analyst added that the deadly shelling raised questions with regard to the goals that Western countries and their partners in the Middle East are pursuing in Syria.
Kurdish politician Omar Hassun assumed that the attack on the Russian hospital in Aleppo points to "a deep divide among the militants. Some are ready to lay down their weapons and return to peaceful life, while the most radical fighters say that they are ready to fight until the end."
Khrolenko suggested that some militants are ready to continue fighting because they still receive weapons, supplies and information from outside of the city although the SAA and its allies have done their best to cut off all supply roots to the rebel-held areas of Aleppo.