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Encircling Mosul: Iraqi Shia Militias to Block Daesh Western Flank

© REUTERS / StringerFederal police forces take part in an operation against Islamic State militants in south of Mosul October 26, 2016.
Federal police forces take part in an operation against Islamic State militants in south of Mosul October 26, 2016. - Sputnik International
On Friday, Iraqi Shia paramilitary groups announced they will join the ongoing battle for Iraq’s Mosul, the largest Daesh stronghold, crucial for crushing the violent extremist group.

The Iraqi militias, partially trained by the Iranian military, will attempt to complete the encirclement of Mosul, blocking it from the West, a representative said.

This undated file photo posted on Monday, Nov. 4, 2014 by the Raqqa Media Office of the Islamic State group, a militant extremist group, shows fighting in Kobani, Syria - Sputnik International
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The western approach is deemed the only humanitarian corridor for civilians seeking to escape the besieged city of 1.5 million. At the same time, it remains the only route that Daesh fighters can use to flee the city on their way to Raqqa, the jihadist group’s major bastion in Syria.

Daesh has exploited civilians living to the west of Mosul, creating human shields consisting of women and children from local settlements. Some 8,000 families have been abused this way, the UN reported on Friday.

"This is the most important and dangerous line because it connects Mosul to Raqqa and is the only supply line for Daesh," Ahmed al-Asadi, a spokesperson for the Popular Mobilization Units, told Iraqi TV on Friday, stressing that use of the western avenue is essential to defeat Daesh.

Asadi added that the offensive is due to begin in "a few days or hours," adding the first target will be Tal Afar, a town 35 miles west of Mosul, currently occupied by Daesh.

"Tal Afar is the final destination… it is the pyramid’s peak,” he asserted. “But there are villages on the way that need to be liberated before reaching Tal Afar."

The participation of Shia forces in the Mosul battle has long been under scrutiny, with players including the US and Turkey strongly opposing their participation as a move to bolster Iran, the major Shia country in the world.

Rights watchdog organizations cautioned Baghdad that, upon retaking territories from Daesh, Shia militias could carry out acts of revenge on the Sunni population, increasing violence.

People walk along a street as smoke rises near Qayyarah, south of Mosul, Iraq - Sputnik International
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The battle for Mosul began October 17, with 50,000 Iraqi soldiers, and Kurdish Peshmerga forces, supported by US-led coalition airstrikes, advancing on the city from the south, north and east.

In the course of operations Iraqi forces liberated one small town and 12 villages located to the east and northeast of the city. Daesh has suffered harsh losses, as many “flee or blow themselves up in trucks rigged with explosives," according to Iraqi General Mukamed Masid.

On Friday, forces reported a halt in the offensive, some six to 12 miles from Mosul, to ensure rear areas were cleared of the jihadists. At the same time, US-led airstrikes have continued.

Mosul was seized by Daesh in 2014, and was declared one of two capitals of a self-declared caliphate, by the organization’s then-leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

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