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US Military Brigade Deployed in South Korea With Eyes on Pyongyang

© REUTERS / KCNANorth Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches landing and anti-landing exercises being carried out by the Korean People's Army (KPA) at an unknown location, in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) in Pyongyang on March 20, 2016
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches landing and anti-landing exercises being carried out by the Korean People's Army (KPA) at an unknown location, in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) in Pyongyang on March 20, 2016 - Sputnik International
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The unit was rotated into South Korea on Thursday, officially beginning a nine-month deployment as part of a move to maintain a US presence abroad during lean economic times for American forces.

In a transfer-of-authority ceremony, the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, based in Fort Hood, Texas, entrusted operations to the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, based in Fort Riley, Kansas. The ceremony took place at the Indianhead stage field at South Korea’s Camp Casey. 

U.S. Navy guided-missile destroyer USS McCampbell (DDG85) arrives at Yokosuka naval base, south of Tokyo, file. The USS McCampbell is participating in large-scale US-South Korean-Japanese drills taking place off Jeju Island between October 22-23 - Sputnik International
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The 3rd battalion, 13th Field Artillery Regiment was also replaced by the the 2nd Battalion, 18th Field Artillery Regiment, both of which are based in  Fort Sill, Oklahoma. The 2nd battalion is a multiple-launch rocket system unit, put in place as the first line of defense against Pyongyang’s weapons on the opposite side of the border.

Since the end of the Korean War in the early 1950s, the US has maintained some 258,000 troops in the South, and the new rotation system, of which this is the third installment, was implemented to keep American servicemembers at foreign bases despite budget cuts. Military leadership favors this tactic as it allows soldiers to be trained and deployed simultaneously, increasing readiness in the event of an attack from the DPRK. This kind of readiness would not be possible, top brass claims, if there was constant turnover. 

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2nd Infantry Division commander Major General Theodore Martin said he was “very concerned” about North Korea’s ongoing weapons activity, with 20 ballistic missile tests this year and two underground nuclear explosions, the most recent in early September. Martin asserts that this highlights the need for troops to be well-trained when they arrive.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has contiuously defied UN sanctions and calls for denuclearization, and has threatened any nations that show their willingness to combat him. In September the US flew two B-1 bombers over the Korean peninsula, in response to the DPRK’s continuing detonations of nuclear bombs. Washington bomber aircraft were escorted first by Japan Air Self Defense force aircraft, then by South Korean fighter jets. 

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Admiral Harry Harris, head of US Pacific Command, said at the time, "These flights demonstrate the solidarity between South Korea, the United States, and Japan to defend against North Korea's provocative and destabilizing actions."

Pyongyang’s Korean Central News Agency scoffed at the flyover in a statement saying, "They are bluffing that B-1Bs are enough for fighting an all-out nuclear war."

Maj. Gen. Marin told Stars and Stripes, "[Kim’s] ability to accurately deliver weapons of mass destruction on my battlefield means my soldiers need to be better trained. They need to be quicker… I thought we were good, but the enemy, our potential adversaries, are upping their game, so I’m not only going to match them, I’m going to exceed them with my capabilities."

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