Russian Lower House Adopts Bill Suspending Plutonium Agreement With US

© Sputnik / Vladimir Fedorenko / Go to the mediabankSession of Russian State Duma
Session of Russian State Duma - Sputnik International
The lower house of the Russian parliament approved a draft bill suspending the plutonium disposal agreement with the United States.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov - Sputnik International
Lavrov: Moscow's Suspension of Russia-US Plutonium Agreement is 'Forced Measure'
The bill garnered 445 votes and one abstention in the 450-member Russian State Duma.

Moscow cited Washington's hostile actions on October 3 as the reason behind its withdrawal from the 2000 Plutonium Maintenance and Disposition Act.

The upper house is expected to consider the bill next Wednesday.

According to the bill, Russian President Vladimir Putin may make a decision to renew cooperation with the US in the area if Washington reduces military infrastructure and the number of US toops in NATO member-states that joined the alliance after September 1, 2000, to a level at which they were when the plutonium deal entered into force.

Moreover, the US should reject hostile policy toward Russia by abolishing the Sergei Magnitsky Act, as well as lift all sanctions against Russia and cancel Ukraine Freedom Support Act. The bill also stipulates that the United States should compensate losses Russia has sustained during sanctions, including the damage as a result of Moscow's countersanctions and present a detailed plan on plutonium disposal.

A view of the White House in Washington, DC. - Sputnik International
Washington Taking 'Devil-May-Care Attitude' to Plutonium Deal With Russia
Under the US-Russian PMDA, originally signed in 2000, both parties agreed to dispose of at least 34 metric tons of weapons grade plutonium, enough to produce 17,000 nuclear bombs.

In signing the updated PDMA in 2010, the United States agreed to convert its plutonium into a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel at a reprocessing facility in the state of North Carolina. However, as a result of major cost overruns, in 2015 the United States abandoned its MOX facility, opting instead for a less expensive process of diluting and storing the plutonium at a site in the state of New Mexico.

At the same time, Russia has already created infrastructure sufficient to dispose of the country's weapons-grade plutonium at its Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant.

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