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What’s Behind the Failure of Russia-US Ceasefire Agreement in Syria

© AFP 2021 / GEORGE OURFALIANSyrian pro-regime fighters walk in a bombed-out steet in Ramussa on September 9, 2016, after they took control of the strategically important district on the outskirts of the Syrian city of Aleppo yesterday
Syrian pro-regime fighters walk in a bombed-out steet in Ramussa on September 9, 2016, after they took control of the strategically important district on the outskirts of the Syrian city of Aleppo yesterday - Sputnik International
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The lack of consensus and stability in the American political elite is the key obstacle to implement the Moscow-Washington ceasefire agreement on Syria.

A Syrian army fighter in position during the assault of the BBC school in the southern part of the Syrian city of Aleppo - Sputnik International
Syrian Army Declares End of Ceasefire
Since a ceasefire came into force across Syria a week ago, the Russian Defense Ministry and the Syrian military have registered multiple violations of the regime by militants. Earlier in the day, the Syrian army declared that the ceasefire ended because of numerous violations by the rebels.

Moscow said that the United States is not implementing its obligations from the agreement, especially on separating so-called moderate rebels from terrorists on the ground.

Moreover, on Saturday, warplanes of a US-led coalition attacked positions of the Syrian Army near Deir ez-Zor, killing 62 personnel.

"Perhaps, the US wants to work with Russia for a ceasefire in Syria. But the agreement is not being implemented on the ground. It proves that there is no consensus in Washington over the situation," Russian analyst and former diplomat Vyacheslav Matuzov told Sputnik.

As a result, the war hawks in Washington can stage such provocations, like the recent bombing attack in Deir ez-Zor, he said.

"This airstrike is a blatant provocation aimed at undermining the political agreements," Matuzov pointed out.

He added that terrorists fighting against the Syrian Army are also benefiting from the lack of stability in the US' foreign policy.

A picture taken on July 29, 2016 shows a general view of Karaj al-Hajz corridor (C) in the rebel-held part of Aleppo, leading towards the government controlled area of the Masharqa neighbourhood (background) - Sputnik International
US Ready to Extend Ceasefire in Syria - State Department
"There is no clear separation between moderate and terrorist groups. As a result, the US attacks units of the Syrian Army. From time to time, Washington accuses Moscow of airstrikes against US-backed forces. The US military doesn’t trust Moscow and will not coordinate actions," said Andranik Migranyan, a political science professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations.

According to the expert, Washington does not want any binding agreements that could restrict American actions in the future.

From the beginning, Russia has been insisting on making the agreement as transparent and clear as possible. In turn, the US has been against disclosing details of the agreement.

"In order to implement the agreement, a consensus in Washington is crucial. The US should decide how far it is ready to go at the current stage of the Syrian settlement. And only then Moscow, Washington and Damascus could settle other differences," Migranyan said.

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