Livelihood opportunities in export units particularly shrank during this period. While the slowdown in global demand compelled some employers to conduct layoffs, the reduction was facilitated by the increasing contextualization of jobs as well as automation in some sectors.
“….There is a concern because most of the export-oriented units in the economy are dependent on contractual workers. So, a massive reduction in contractual jobs in these sectors might as well imply deteriorating conditions in the export units,” the paper said.
Given the subdued global economic scenario, rejuvenating the economy by exporting or utilizing external trade remains a difficult proposition, if not immediately impossible.
“Therefore, the Indian economy has to look internally at the domestic economy to restart the Indian growth story. That is only possible if there is extra demand generation within the economy. Employment generation is the most important factor to generate such extra demand. More employment means extra purchasing power in the hands of the people, and subsequently more demand generated for all kinds of commodities and services,” ASSOCHAM Secretary General D S Rawat said.
Meanwhile, the growing trend among companies to employ artificial intelligence instead of human beings has triggered fear among millions of job seekers. Just last week, one of India’s biggest employers Raymond announced it was laying off 10,000 workers and replacing them with robots in its textile business.
Raymond CEO Sanjay Behl said, “One robot could replace 100 workers. It is already happening in China, it will also happen in India.”
It is estimated that India’s IT industry will lose 640,000 jobs in the next five years due to mass automation.
Every year, an estimated 1.3 million job seekers are added in India. However, according to official statistics, in the last year, only about 1,25,000 people were employed in the organized sector.