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Reason Why China Benefits From Global Hegemony of Dollar

© REUTERS / Jason LeeA US 100-dollar banknote with a portrait of Benjamin Franklin and Chinese 100-yuan banknotes with portrait of late Chinese Chairman Mao Zedong are seen in the picture illustration in Beijing, China
A US 100-dollar banknote with a portrait of Benjamin Franklin and Chinese 100-yuan banknotes with portrait of late Chinese Chairman Mao Zedong are seen in the picture illustration in Beijing, China - Sputnik International
Many analysts believe that dollar hegemony in the global financial system serves the interests of the United States and China will soon change the situation. In fact, Beijing will continue to maintain the system because of significant benefits, economist Michael Pettis wrote.

A bank employee counts 100-yuan banknotes at a bank in Hangzhou, east China's Zhejiang province on December 1, 2015. - Sputnik International
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There is a wide range of outlooks over the future of China’s economy. Some experts argue that China’s growth will speed up and GDP will double in the coming 10-12 years, resulting in a new global order. Other experts say that the Chinese economic and political system will collapse in the coming five years.

"There is no way that growth won’t drop to below 2-3% well before the end of this decade, although if it manages the adjustment well and doesn’t put off too much longer an intelligent plant to resolve its debt burden, Beijing could keep the annual growth in household income from dropping much below 5% during this period," expert on China’s economy Michael Pettis, a professor at Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management, wrote in an article.

"This doesn’t mean that I think China is likely to experience an economic or financial crisis," he noted.

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In April, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) started releasing foreign exchange reserve data denominated in Special Drawing Rights (SDR), a reserve asset maintained by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

According to the bank, the SDR is more stable than the other IMF reserve currencies (the dollar, the euro, the yen, the British pound and – starting from October – the yuan).

According to the PBoC, denominating reserve data in the SDR would help improve its global role as a financial instrument. Many experts were surprised by the move, and some said it was part of Beijing’s plan to end dollar hegemony in the global economy.

"Whatever some people in Beijing might think about enshrining a multicurrency reserve system, in fact Beijing’s economic policies in the past two decades have done the opposite. They have systematically enhanced the reserve role of the US dollar," the author pointed out.

"This is truer now than ever. Regardless of the stated intentions of certain political figures, China’s economic adjustment requires that Beijing continue supporting the dollar’s reserve-currency role. A reduced role for the US dollar would actually make China’s already difficult economic rebalancing costlier than ever," he added.

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If denominating foreign reserves in the SDR improves the "visibility of the SDR" it is unlikely to become used more widely as a reserve currency.

The author also stated that the renminbi (yuan) will not become an important reserve currency over the next few decades.

The economist explained that issuance of a reserve currency presumes some significant costs for the issuing country.

"If foreign central banks acquire significant amounts of renminbi denominated bonds, China’s economic rebalancing will become far more difficult because either Beijing’s debt burden will grow even faster than it currently is growing, or its unemployment will be higher," the article read.

"It is why European countries also strongly opposed the same thing before the euro was created, and it is why China restricts foreign inflows, except in the past year when it has been overwhelmed by capital outflows," Pettis wrote.

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