One of the most common theories explaining the departure from authoritarianism towards democracy was designed by political scientists Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel, who after studying the world's countries found out that democracies both tend to be richer and share liberal values such as tolerance and civil societies, the Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet pointed out.
According to their theory, detailed in the report "Modernization, Cultural Change and Democracy," citizens in poor countries are more concerned with covering their basic needs and have therefore less confidence in abstract values such as freedom and democracy. The richer a country becomes, the more time, money, skills and technology the population has access to. Extra resources make life-affirming projects possible, which make freedom more desired, worthwhile and appreciated. With a large proportion of the population craving freedom (and material goods), a regime change towards more liberties is expected to occur automatically.
Although this theory seems plausible, as long as one remains content with studying Western examples, where economic growth and democratization went hand in hand, some prominent abnormalities are likely to shake its very foundation. Singapore is one of the richest countries in the world, but remains under authoritarian control. Even South Korea retains many authoritarian features, despite its undoubtedly democratic facade.
Furthermore, some regions, such as Asia and the Middle East, seem to be particularly "resistant" to Western-style democracy. Some countries, like Saudi Arabia or United Arab Emirates, somehow fail to embrace egalitarianism and people's rule despite their fabulous wealth, whereas others, like Iraq, were force-fed on democracy by the United States and its minions and therefore failed to fully appreciate its benefits by reason of the civil war it incurred.
Another delusion is linking terrorism with despotism and repression. As the recent examples in both Mid-Eastern "democracies" and Western democracies clearly demonstrate, there is simply no ready-made solution to terrorism. Be it a libertarian state or a totalitarian rule, all are equally vulnerable against terrorists.