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Moment of Truth: This is How Syrian Peace Process May Continue

© AP Photo / Bryan R. SmithStaffan de Mistura, U.N. special envoy for Syria, is displayed on a video screen via video conference from Geneva, as the United Nations Security Council votes to support a resolution endorsing a cease-fire in Syria, Friday, Feb. 26, 2016 at United Nations headquarters
Staffan de Mistura, U.N. special envoy for Syria, is displayed on a video screen via video conference from Geneva, as the United Nations Security Council votes to support a resolution endorsing a cease-fire in Syria, Friday, Feb. 26, 2016 at United Nations headquarters - Sputnik International
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The US and Russia have managed to maintain their agreements on Syria after US State Secretary John Kerry assured his Russian counterpart that the Pentagon had stopped arms supplies to Syrian militants. The current Geneva peace process may soon end and intra-Syrian talks will resume, including Kurdish representatives.

Children play near upright buses barricading a street, which serve as protection from snipers loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in Aleppo's rebel-controlled Bustan al-Qasr neighbourhood, Syria April 6, 2016 - Sputnik International
Germany: Escalation of Violence in Syria Could Derail Peace Talks in Geneva
On May 9, Sergei Lavrov and John Kerry issued a joint declaration calling for all countries not to provide financial or military support to Daesh, al-Nusra Front and other radical groups.

However, currently Moscow and Washington are at odds over the Jaysh al-Islam militant groups. Russia has repeatedly urged to label it a terrorist group. However, the US has considered it a moderate armed group.

On May 17, the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) held a meeting in Vienna. The group issued a joint communique, having confirmed the previous agreements by the US and Russia. They include a joint transition governing institution in Syria by government and opposition representatives, a new constitution, and presidential and parliamentarian elections.

"Any effort by Russia and the international community is welcomed if it helps to restart talks between the sides in Geneva. It is good that the ISSG statement mentioned the importance of a timeframe for the political process, so it does not become endless and uncontrolled," the group said in a statement.

However, Saudi Arabia, a member of the ISSG, has rejected these provisions. Instead, Riyadh keeps insisting on the resignations of Syrian President Bashar Assad.

"We are moving toward the interruption of the Geneva peace talks," journalist Thierry Meyssan wrote in an article for Voltairenet.org.

A man walks near damaged houses after Syrian rebels and the al Qaeda-affiliated Nusra Front took control of al-'Iss town, in Aleppo countryside, Syria April 2, 2016. - Sputnik International
Moscow Expects Int'l Support of Russian-US Settlement in Syria
According to him, the talks cannot go on if Saudi Arabia still wants Assad to leave and Kurds are excluded from the negotiations as this violated the previously agreed provisions.

On May 19, Qadri Jamil, one of the leaders of the Syrian Popular Front for Change and Liberation, said that Kurds could take part in one of the rounds of intra-Syrian talks in Geneva.

"They might [participate], though it is still unclear at what stage this may happen," Jamil told RIA Novosti.

"Instead, if Geneva talks end they should be replaced with resumed intra-Syrian negotiations, including those who wish to participate, including Kurds, but without Riyadh," he concluded.

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