"Of the more than 10,000 archaeological sites located Syria, 300 have been damaged," Maamoun Abdulkarim said in a interview with French newspaper Le Figaro published on Thursday.
According to him, the destruction of cultural sites has been caused primarily by clashes between extremists and militants and government forces, as well as illegal excavations. He also mentioned that the destruction associated with ideological struggles, referencing the actions of the Islamic State militant group in particular.
Syria's ancient city of Palmyra, which has been occupied by ISIL militants for over half a year, is in real danger, and if "nothing is done" and no one helps and intervenes, the city will be completely destroyed, Abdulkarim warned.
Since late May, ISIL has occupied Palmyra, which was one of the most important cultural center of the ancient world. It is included in the UNESCO world heritage list. The militants have significantly damaged the historic site, blowing up the ancient temple of Baal Shamin among others.
Last week, ISIL militants blew up the western entrance to the historic citadel in the city of Aleppo, a large medieval fortified palace in the center of the city, as listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.