Levada's findings, based on polling carried out late last month among 800 people across 46 Russian regions, showed that only 6% of Russians 'definitely' want to emigrate abroad, with another 5% answering that they would 'probably' like to do so. This compares favorably with the Center's polling from 2011, when a full 18% of Russians answered that they would either 'definitely' or 'probably' like to immigrate.
The survey also found that in 2015, a full 61% of respondents 'definitely' do not want to emigrate (compared with 51% in 2011) and another 20% 'probably' wouldn't like to (compared with 25% in 2011).
The consolidation of such attitudes clashes dramatically with the outlook many Russians had throughout the 1990s and much of the first decade of the 21st century, when, in the midst of economic collapse (in the 90s) and political apathy (in the 2000s), people were strongly tempted by the allure of material wealth and social stability promised by life abroad, particularly in Western Europe and North America.
More Patriotic, but Still Open to the Outside World
Despite showing that a vast majority of Russians do not want to permanently emigrate abroad, Levada's polling also indicated that by no means do Russians want to be closed off from the outside world or from 'Western civilization'. Over one in five, or 21% of respondents noted that they would 'definitely' or 'probably' consider working abroad (compared with 28% in 2011), with 16% answering that they would 'definitely' or 'probably' consider studying abroad (compared with 17% in 2011).
Asked to make a simple 'positive' or 'negative' evaluation of the 'Western lifestyle', 30% responded 'positive', 45% responded 'negative', and 25% considered it 'difficult to say'. This signals a flip in attitudes since the same poll was conducted in 2008, when 46% answered 'positive', 30% 'negative', and the same 25% found it 'difficult to say'.
Detailed results from Levada's polling can be found here.