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Tear Gas and Barbed Wire: Why Europe’s Tough Stance on Migrants Is Failing

© REUTERS / OGNEN TEOFILOVSKIMacedonia migrants
Macedonia migrants - Sputnik International
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There has been fresh criticism of Europe's response to the ongoing migrant crisis after authorities in Macedonia used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse crowds near the country's borders. While many countries have used a touch stance, it seems the approach is failing to address the real issues.
Migrants rest while waiting to pass the Greek-Macedonian border, guarded by Macedonian police near the town of Idomeni, northern Greece, on August 21, 2015 - Sputnik International
Over 3,000 Migrants Gather at Greek-Macedonian Border

Human rights groups have slammed the approach taken by Macedonian officials after riot police, despite being separated by barbed wire, used tear gas and stun grenades on groups of migrants queuing at the country's border with Greece.

Skopje declared a state of emergency in reaction to the influx of migrants passing through the country, with many people hoping to travel from Greece, through Macedonia and onto other northern European countries.

Although, the use of tear gas and stun grenades may not be in place elsewhere, the heavy-handed approach taken by the authorities is something used throughout Europe to combat the migrant crisis.

At Calais in France, British officials have bulked up security and pledged more resources to try and stop people from making the trip across the English channel to the UK.

While Hungary has also made moves to prevent the illegal crossing of asylum seekers with the construction of a fence to protect the country's borders from those entering from Serbia, which is a non-EU country.

Not Addressing the Problem

Despite officials in the UK and other countries claiming that their tough approach to migrants is working, others have suggested that is not addressing the root of Europe's migrant crisis and is merely shifting the problems elsewhere.

This comes amid revelations that Sweden's largest port of Gothenberg is becoming a haven for migrants hoping to reach Britain.

Port authorities have warned that they have found rising number people hiding aboard cargo ships and in the port, in the hope of making the risky voyage to the UK.

The port's security chief Thomas Fransson told Swedish newswire TT that there are serious concerns over the safety of stowaways.

"They are taking big risks, we are afraid that someone will die," he said.

"It's a very big problem, we are not prepared for this."

These revelations have added to the criticism of the tough approach applied by some European countries, with critics arguing that blocking migrants from crossing certain borders only shifts the problems elsewhere, and doesn't stem the desire for people to come to Europe in the search of a better life.

A Problem for the EU

Critics of the EU's immigration policy have blamed Brussels for the increase in number of people making so-called illegal journeys to Europe, arguing that a lack of legal avenues has seemingly forced people to resort to desperate measures in their quest to flee poverty-stricken or war-torn countries.

Many say that this approach has led to more people risking their lives to reach Europe, and has in fact facilitated the growth in people smuggling operations due to the overwhelming demand from people hoping to enter Europe.

Additionally, while the response of non-EU countries like Macedonia has been heavily criticized, many have agued that the crisis is essentially a result of EU policy, with migrants hoping to travel to wealthier northern European countries after arriving in Greece.

While many migrants make it through to northern Europe, many others are left stranded in non-EU countries like Macedonia and Serbia, adding extra pressure to both asylum seekers and the countries that in many cases are unable to handle the influx of people.

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