WASHINGTON, April 24 (RIA Novosti), Lyudmila Chernova – The breakdown of the 2005 Sudanese Comprehensive Peace Agreement that was largely engineered by Washington could be a tremendous setback for US foreign policy, political analysts told RIA Novosti Wednesday.
“The United States has made a series of mistakes since the signing of the agreement in January 2005. South Sudanese have made many mistakes, including a lack of oversight for oil revenues, a failure to get a project of reform of governance underway. And what we are seeing now is the consequences of these mistakes,” said Eric Reeves, Sudan researcher and analyst at Smith College.
“We got the peace and then left off implementing key elements of that agreement,” he added.
Reeves said that the initial explosion of ethnic violence in South Sudan began in late December. President Salva Kiir then offered an unconditional ceasefire, but a leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army immediately put conditions on it.
“We’ve been going downhill since, with slaughter in Bentiu Dinka and Darfur civilians as well as the events in Bor and elsewhere, it is just appalling,” Reeves said, adding the conditions of the civilians who have been forced to flee are also quite terrible.
According to Casie Copeland, a South Sudan Analyst at the International Crisis Group, the US feels responsibility for failing to provide effective reforms in the country.
“The United States has been a longtime supporter of South Sudan and does feel it has a special responsibility to it after guaranteeing its independence, which was a product of decades of bloody war between the people of South Sudan and the government of Sudan,” Copeland said, adding that the conflict had many origins.
“There were issues between Christianity and Islam, as well as issues of ethnicity and race, governance, and the United States feels that following independence it has to ensure that South Sudan is on the right path, and is disappointed to see the direction the country is taking now,” said Copeland.
After several weeks of stalemate, the conflict in South Sudan has picked up dramatically in the last two weeks with a major attack on the UN compound in Bor despite active peace talks between the US, the government and opposition forces.
To try to apply pressure, US President Barack Obama signed an executive order for targeted economic sanctions against individuals accused of inhibiting the peace process as well as atrocities and blocking humanitarian assistance.