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Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy

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The State Memorial and Natural Preserve Museum-Estate of Leo Tolstoy “Yasnaya Polyana” was established 90 years ago, on June 10, 1921. The Tolstoy family believed that the estate was named Yasnaya Polyana (Sunny Meadow) after a spacious sunny valley located nearby. It is also possible that it was named after the Yasenka river.

The State Memorial and Natural Preserve Museum-Estate of Leo Tolstoy “Yasnaya Polyana” was established 90 years ago, on June 10, 1921. The Tolstoy family believed that the estate was named Yasnaya Polyana (Sunny Meadow) after a spacious sunny valley located nearby. It is also possible that it was named after the Yasenka river.

© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe State Memorial and Natural Preserve Museum-Estate of Leo Tolstoy “Yasnaya Polyana” was established 90 years ago, on June 10, 1921. The Tolstoy family believed that the estate was named Yasnaya Polyana (Sunny Meadow) after a spacious sunny valley located nearby. It is also possible that it was named after the Yasenka river.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The State Memorial and Natural Preserve Museum-Estate of Leo Tolstoy “Yasnaya Polyana” was established 90 years ago, on June 10, 1921. The Tolstoy family believed that the estate was named Yasnaya Polyana (Sunny Meadow) after a spacious sunny valley located nearby. It is also possible that it was named after the Yasenka river.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankLeo Tolstoy inherited the estate in 1847. He spent most his life there.
Photo: Leo Tolstoy with his family and friends in the Yasnaya Polyana garden, 1888.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Leo Tolstoy inherited the estate in 1847. He spent most his life there.
Photo: Leo Tolstoy with his family and friends in the Yasnaya Polyana garden, 1888.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe history of the estate goes back several hundred years. Prince Nickolay Volkonsky passed it down to his only daughter, Maria, Leo Tolstoy’s mover, at the end of 18th century.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The history of the estate goes back several hundred years. Prince Nickolay Volkonsky passed it down to his only daughter, Maria, Leo Tolstoy’s mover, at the end of 18th century.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankTolstoy finally settled down at Yasnaya Polyana in 1856, living at first only in the house’s former annex. Nowadays the annex serves as a Tolstoy museum.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Tolstoy finally settled down at Yasnaya Polyana in 1856, living at first only in the house’s former annex. Nowadays the annex serves as a Tolstoy museum.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe house looks exactly the same as it did in 1910, the year Tolstoy passed away.
Photo: Dining-room in Tolstoy’s house at Yasnaya Polyana.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The house looks exactly the same as it did in 1910, the year Tolstoy passed away.
Photo: Dining-room in Tolstoy’s house at Yasnaya Polyana.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe writer’s bedroom at Yasnaya Polyana.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The writer’s bedroom at Yasnaya Polyana.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankHall in the Tolstoy museum-estate Yasnaya Polyana.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Hall in the Tolstoy museum-estate Yasnaya Polyana.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe Tolstoy family belongings were preserved by Leo Tolstoy’s granddaughter, Sophia Tolstaya-Yesenina, who managed to store them safely in 1941.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The Tolstoy family belongings were preserved by Leo Tolstoy’s granddaughter, Sophia Tolstaya-Yesenina, who managed to store them safely in 1941.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankDuring their 45-day occupation, German invaders managed to almost completely destroy Yasnaya Polyana.
Photo: Dining-room at Yasnaya Polyana, destroyed by German soldiers in 1941.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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During their 45-day occupation, German invaders managed to almost completely destroy Yasnaya Polyana.
Photo: Dining-room at Yasnaya Polyana, destroyed by German soldiers in 1941.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankMuseum-estate Yasnaya Polyana is nowadays a unique historical monument. The old buildings, picturesque parks, gardens and forests on its territory are being preserved.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Museum-estate Yasnaya Polyana is nowadays a unique historical monument. The old buildings, picturesque parks, gardens and forests on its territory are being preserved.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankVolkonsky house is the oldest building on the whole estate. Tolstoy’s grandfather is believed to have lived there for a while. In Leo Tolstoy’s time, the house was used as servants quarters, cooking and laundry.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Volkonsky house is the oldest building on the whole estate. Tolstoy’s grandfather is believed to have lived there for a while. In Leo Tolstoy’s time, the house was used as servants quarters, cooking and laundry.
© PhotoSome outbuildings are located around the Volkonsky house – a poultry-house, instrument shed, stable, coachman’s hut (photo), and a drying-house.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Some outbuildings are located around the Volkonsky house – a poultry-house, instrument shed, stable, coachman’s hut (photo), and a drying-house.
© RIA NovostiThe Kuzminsky’s wing was named after Tatiana Kuzminskaya, Tolstoy’s sister-in-law, who regularly stayed there with her family. In 1859 Leo Tolstoy opened a school for local village children there. The school existed till 1862. In the 1950s, a Literature museum was opened in the wing.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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The Kuzminsky’s wing was named after Tatiana Kuzminskaya, Tolstoy’s sister-in-law, who regularly stayed there with her family. In 1859 Leo Tolstoy opened a school for local village children there. The school existed till 1862. In the 1950s, a Literature museum was opened in the wing.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankKozlova Zaseka – the closest railway station – was opened in 1868.
Phototour of Yasnaya Polyana, museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy  - Sputnik International
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Kozlova Zaseka – the closest railway station – was opened in 1868.
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