The Israeli national, who has his own business, was detained at customs control intending to board the Moscow-Tel Aviv flight. His name has not been disclosed.
"The foreign national has been working for some time in Russia and using a passport in a different name," a police source said.
In 1989, a Colombian court sentenced the Israeli national to 10 years and eight months imprisonment in absentia for terrorism, and he was put on an international wanted list.
According to Colombian law enforcement agencies, in the late 1980s, the suspect took part in training gunmen for drug cartels at an illegal training camp based in the South American country. During the investigation he fled the country.