MOSCOW, May 3. (RIA Novosti) - Merely 10% of enterprises working on inventions put them into practice. And the share of such inventions ranges between 0.3% and 5% in comparison with the figure of about 30% in post-industrial countries, writes a business weekly, Kommersant-Dengi.

Russian inventors today are mostly marginalized people enjoying few rights, as they work on projects that are never used in practice.

Fifteen years ago officially about 1.7 million inventor certificates and patents were issued, a figure that has now fallen to 109,000. In fact, these figures do not mean much, as Soviet-era inventor certificates that were not needed by anyone were registered to ensure accountability or secure a meager pay raise.

However, the present-day statistics are hard to analyze, because not every invention is patented, said Alexander Nikitin, the director of the Federal Institute of Industrial Property (FIPS).

If in the past an inventor certificate cost Soviet citizens nothing, you have to pay the state for protection today. The initial fee is about $100, after which an increasing sum - $20, $30 and so on - is paid every year. But even this sum scares off inventors with low incomes, especially when they have more than one innovation, the weekly writes.

Interestingly, many experts propose that not an invention itself be patented (the inventor in this case submits its complete technical description to the Russian Agency for Patents and Trademarks) but a trademark or technique be registered. The latter is regarded as a commercial secret. If the inventor cares to share information about this with anyone, only they will know.

The number of techniques registered in Russia today is growing in comparison with the invention patents. Experts say people prefer to protect their inventions in their companies and register a trademark, rather than to trust the state with a commercial secret.

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