Enthronement on the day of St Giuseppe
Meanwhile the Vatican is preparing for the enthronement of the new Pope.
Plans for the next few days in Rome and details about the upcoming ceremony were told to the Voice of Russia in an exclusive interview with Vatican expert Catherine Santoni-Sinitsyna.
The enthronement ceremony is scheduled for March 19. But in the remaining days no less important matters await Jorge Mario Bergoglio says Catherine Santoni-Sinitsyna: “I was in the press center of the Vatican, and spoke with their Press Secretary Father Federico Lombardi about the coming days. Tomorrow mass will be held in the Sistine Chapel for all of the cardinals who took part in the conclave. On Saturday at 11 am in the auditorium of Paul the 6th, Pope Francis will meet with social workers and journalists. Tuesday will be an unusual day. On March 19 the Feast of St. Giuseppe will be celebrated and on St. Peter's Square the first public mass will be held which will be followed by the enthronement.”
The ceremony will be held according to the customs of the 1970s of the last century during the time of Pope Paul the Reformer.
Pope Paul I, overturned the dogma that the Pope is God's representative on earth. Since the the Pope is the vicar of St. Peter, the first Pope.
At that point the coronation of the Pope and the donning of the papal tiara, was cancelled said Catherine Santoni-Sinitsyna. She added: “The modern enthronement will be held on St. Peter's Square. The first to go through this ceremony was Pope John Paul the 1st. How is it carried out? By the the placing of the pallium on the new Pope's shoulders as an expression of obedience to the Cardinals, the receiving of the Ring of the Fisherman. At the end of the enthronement the Pope must welcome all of the guests and delegations, which include government officials.”
Among those who will greet Pope Francis, will be a delegation from the Russian Orthodox Church, headed by the Chairman of the Department for External Church Relations Metropolitan Hilarion.
76-year-old Argentine Cardinal Archbishop of Buenos Aires Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected head of the Roman Catholic Church on Wednesday night. This followed a two-day conclave, in which there were five votes. Pope Francis succeeds Pope Benedict XVI who resigned.
Pope Francis held his first mass as leader of the Catholic Church Thursday, urging cardinals that the church should stick to its roots and avoid modern temptations.
In his first homily at the Sistine Chapel, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the 76-year-old Argentine cardinal who was elected pope by his peers on Wednesday, warned that the church risked becoming a "pitiful" non-governmental organization unless it goes through spiritual renewal and focuses on the message of Jesus Christ, Sky News reports.
"If we do not confess to Christ what would we be?" Francis said. "We would end up a pitiful NGO. What would happen would be like when children make sand castles and then it all falls down."
Francis and all the cardinals in attendance wore light yellow robes over their cassocks, while the new pope spoke in Italian without notes.
Earlier Thursday, Francis stopped by his hotel to pick up his luggage and pay the bill himself and praying at Rome's main basilica dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
After becoming the first pontiff from the Americans, Francis had told a crowd of some 100,000 people packed in rain-soaked St. Peter's Square just after his election that he intended to pray Friday to the Madonna "that she may watch over all of Rome."
Habemus papam: the Conclave of cardinals has elected the Argentinian Cardinal of Buenos Aires Jorge Bergoglio as the new Pope Francis. Experts say it’s the Vatican’s last ditch attempt to reach out to secular Europe.
The Cardinal was the first to assume the name Francis
after Francis of Assisi, the Italian patron saint who renounced wealth, founded the Franciscan order of friars and is identified with poverty and simple lifestyle, appealing to ordinary people who are unhappy with the growing rich-poor gap.
Professor of Moscow Spiritual Academy, Senior Deacon Andrey Kuraev says that Saint Francis's ideology of poverty is alien to the modern consumer society in Europe. Thus, preaching moderation would be ridiculous in today’s circumstances so the new Pope would better choose another target audience, says editor-in-chief of Russia in Global Affairs magazine Fedor Lukyanov.
"It’s politically interesting that the new Pope is the first from Latin America as today’s main flock of the Catholic Church is not in Europe, it lives in Latin America."
The Catholic Church in Europe is losing its positions amid the growing role of Islam.
At the same time, the Catholic Church faces daunting challenges like approving same-sex marriages, promiscuity and drugs (almost all the Seven Deadly Sins). Maybe South America is Vatican’s last resort as its flock still has profound faith not just formal rituals.
The new pontiff will have to stand by his beliefs and fight for them and the Church will sooner or later have to review its traditional moral otherwise it will loose its flock, see a decrease in its social influence and stagnation that could benefit its competitors.
New Pope – Non-European and Jesuit
The conclave at Sistine Chapel in Vatican has elected the 76-year old Argentinean cardinal and archbishop of Buenos Aires Mario Bergoglio as the new Pope. For the first time in the history of the Roman-Catholic church a Non-European and Jesuit mounts the Pope’s throne.
The new Pontific is known as a man of few words who does not like traveling and is indifferent to luxury. He is also known as a man who never changes his beliefs. In Argentina his authority is undisputable. In 2010, he became known as a fierce opponent of Argentina’s decision to legalize gay marriage in 2010. He also speaks against abortions. In Buenos Aires he lived in a small apartment near the Cathedral giving up numerous privileges he could have according to his rank. He cooked his own dinner and did without a service car.
Francis, the name cardinal Bergoglio chose for himself as the new Pope says a lot about the goals he sets, Viktor Khrul, editor of a Russian Catholic website Svet Evangeliya says.
Francis of Assisi was the founder of the Franciscan order, a poor missionary order. The Jesuitical tradition also has Saint Francis Xavier a man who was known for being an extremely passionate missionary. This gives a room for different interpretations. At the moment it is not possible to find out in whose honor cardinal Bergoglio decided to name himself Francis. But in both cases this definitely means a breeze of fresh air for the Catholic Church. It is an unprecedented name choice calling for the church’s renewal.
The new head of the Roman Catholic Church belongs to the Order of Jesuits. Since the 16th century this order admitted only people with good intellectual and physical abilities. Jorje Mario Bergoglio became its member in the late 1950-s. He studied a lot. First he received a degree in chemistry but already when he was 21 he decided to become a priest. Then he received a degree in philosophy, became a professor and taught theology. He is fluent in Italian and German, likes Argentinean and Russian writers such as Jorge Louis Borges, Leopoldo Marechal and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. The future pope Francis has never betrayed his conservative views and will continue to advocate for traditional Christian values, Igor Panarin, professor of political science, says.
"Argentina and neighboring Paraguay had been under the influence of Jesuits for a long time. This order promotes ascetic lifestyle and spiritual and moral values. If the Pope has decided to carry out some reforms he will do it gradually and carefully. But the main point is that he is going to maintain the foundation of Christianity. His election is the victory of those forces in Vatican that are more oriented at Christian values despite the changes in the rapidly developing political world. This is a victory of the historical tradition in Catholicism. Recent years saw signs of a closer union between the Orthodox church and the Vatican and I am sure that under the new Pope this trend will only strengthen."
According to many experts the new Pope will face the task of reforming the Catholic church of leading it out of the crisis, lowering the degree of scandals which hit it in recent years. So far the newly elected pontific is receiving congratulations. The enthronement of the new Pope will take place on March 19.
Voice of Russia, AFP, Reuters, Fox News