Russia's economic interests are threatened by the activities of NATO and a number of Asian countries in the Arctic, Navy commander Adm. Vladimir Vysotsky said on Wednesday.
"Currently, a wide range of threats, which may negatively effect Russian economic interests, are concentrated in the Arctic," Vysotsky said.
"Recently, we received confirmation that NATO has marked out the Arctic as a zone of its interests," Vysotsky said.
Vysotsky also said that apart from NATO states, China, Japan, the two Koreas and such "well-known Arctic countries" as Malaysia and Thailand have also intensified their activities in the Arctic.
Russia is planning to file a proposal a UN Commission in 2012 to expand its Arctic shelf borders, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said.
The nuclear-powered icebreaker Rossiya left the port of Murmansk on Tuesday to accompany a research vessel on a second mission to determine the boundaries of Russia's continental shelf in the Arctic.
Russia is in a dispute with Canada over the Lomonosov Ridge, with both countries trying to persuade a UN commission that it is an extension of its own continental shelf. The sides have agreed that scientific evidence should resolve the dispute.
A settlement of the dispute in Russia's favor would give the country the right to develop vast energy resources on the Arctic shelf.