The number of children dying before they reach the age of five in Russia fell by just over 50% between 1990 and 2008, a UNICEF report said.
The State of the World's Children report was released on Friday on the 20th anniversary of the United Nation's adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The report said that Russia's under-5 mortality rate was 13 children per 1,000. In 1990, the figure was 27.
An identical 2008 figure was reported in Belarus, Bahamas, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Russia had a higher under-5 mortality rate than most European countries and the U.S.
The highest under-5 mortality rate was in Afghanistan, with 257 deaths per 1,000. The lowest figure was in Lichtenstein and San Marino, with just two deaths for every 1,000 children under the age of five.
"On average around 24,000 children under the age of five die every day from preventable causes such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria. Nearly 200 million children are chronically malnourished," UNICEF executive director Ann Veneman said.
UNITED NATIONS, November 20 (RIA Novosti)