Russia has put its military bases on high alert in the South Caucasus country and withdrawn most of its diplomats, since Georgian authorities arrested Russian officers they accused of spying last week.
The meeting, chaired by Vladimir Putin, was being attended by the prime minister, the heads of both houses of parliament, the defense, foreign and interior ministers, the head of the security service, and the armed forces chief.
In his opening address to the Security Council, the president said: "Despite the fact that Russia is consistently fulfilling all our agreements [with Georgia] on the withdrawal of our military units from the territory of the republic, despite all this, as we know, our servicemen have been seized and thrown in prison."
It is perfectly clear that Russia is being provoked, Putin said.
"Evidently those who are doing this believe that an anti-Russian direction in foreign policy serves the interests of the Georgian people. I do not think this is so. These people think that, being under the protection of their foreign sponsors, they can feel comfortable and safe."