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15:05 GMT +3 hours22 December 2014
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The Young Pioneer camp Artek and its visitors

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© RIA Novosti. Max Alpert
The All-Union Pioneer Camp Artek, which is now the International Children’s Center Artek, opened in Crimea 85 years ago. Artek was founded as a camp for children suffering from tuberculosis following a proposal made by Zinovy Solovyev, the chairman of the Russian Red Cross Society. Photo: children staying at Artek with Mikhail Kalinin, chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (bottom center), and Semyon Budyonny, Marshal of the Soviet Union (top center), 1946.

The All-Union Pioneer Camp Artek, which is now the International Children’s Center Artek, opened in Crimea 85 years ago. Artek was founded as a camp for children suffering from tuberculosis following a proposal made by Zinovy Solovyev, the chairman of the Russian Red Cross Society.